Monday, 16 January 2006


pagi tadi ummi call makteh..die dengar suara suraya-my cousin- tengah meraung sakit.. "sakit mak..sakit mak.." makteh pun nangis sama..sebab kesian kat anak die meraung sakit..

Suraya Jasmin baru 10 tahun. kemungkinan besar menghidapi Systemic LUPUS Erythematosus (SLE). kesian btol..kemungkinan besar menghidapi SLE sepanjang hayat..

SLE tu ape?? aku check kat website nie..
lebih kurang gini la citernye..

What is lupus?Lupus is a condition of chronic inflammation caused by an autoimmune disease. Autoimmune diseases are illnesses which occur when the body's tissues are attacked by its own immune system. The immune system is a complex system within the body that is designed to fight infectious agents, for example, bacteria, and other foreign invaders. One of the mechanisms that the immune system uses to fight infections is the production of antibodies. Patients with lupus produce abnormal antibodies in their blood that target tissues within their own body rather than foreign infectious agents. Lupus can cause disease of the skin, heart, lungs, kidneys, joints, and nervous system. When only the skin is involved, the condition is called discoid lupus. When internal organs are involved, the condition is called systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE).

The eleven criteria used for diagnosing systemic lupus erythematosus are:
-malar (over the cheeks of the face) "butterfly" rash
-discoid skin rash: patchy redness that can cause scarring
-photosensitivity: skin rash in reaction to sunlight exposure
-mucus membrane ulcers: ulcers of the lining of the mouth, nose or throat
-arthritis: 2 or more swollen, tender joints of the extremities
-pleuritis/pericarditis: inflammation of the lining tissue around the heart or lungs, usually associated with chest pain with breathing
-kidney abnormalities: abnormal amounts of urine protein or clumps of cellular elements called casts
-brain irritation: manifested by seizures (convulsions) and/or psychosis
-blood count abnormalities: low counts of white or red blood cells, or platelets
-immunologic disorder: abnormal immune tests include anti-DNA or anti-Sm (Smith) antibodies, falsely positive blood test for syphilis, anticardiolipin antibodies, lupus anticoagulant, or positive LE prep test
antinuclear antibody: positive ANA antibody testing
-In addition to the eleven criteria, other tests can be helpful in evaluating patients with SLE to determine the severity of organ involvement. These include routine testing of the blood to detect inflammation (for example, a test called the sedimentation rate), blood chemistry testing, direct analysis of internal body fluids, and tissue biopsies. Abnormalities in body fluids and tissue samples (kidney, skin, and nerve biopsies) can further support the diagnosis of SLE. The appropriate test procedures are selected for the patient individually by the doctor.

Ya Allah Yang Maha Mengasihani..kurangkanlah kesakitannya..ameen..

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